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Home » Are Poodles Double-Coated? the Genetics of Poodle Coat Types

Are Poodles Double-Coated? the Genetics of Poodle Coat Types

Double-Coated poodle

Poodles are a popular dog breed known for their hypoallergenic, non-shedding coats, which make them ideal pets for people with allergies. However, not all poodles have the same type of coat. One question many people ask about poodles is whether they are double-coated.

Are Poodles Double-Coated?

Poodles are not typically double-coated. They have a single-layered coat that is dense and curly. This coat comprises long, dense, wiry hairs that create tight curls all over the dog’s body. This unique coat type gives poodles their hypoallergenic properties and also makes them virtually non-shedding.

While poodles are not double-coated, there are some exceptions. Some poodles may have a slightly different coat texture due to a genetic variation. This is known as a “furnishings” gene, affecting the texture of the hair on the face, whiskers, legs, and tail. Dogs with this gene may have a slightly softer, wavy texture on these areas of their coat, which could be mistaken for a double coat. However, this is not a true double coat.

Are Standard Poodles Double-Coated?

Standard poodles have a single coat. They do not have an undercoat, meaning they have a single layer of hair that grows continuously. This type of coat is also known as a hair coat, as opposed to a fur coat, which is what double-coated dogs have. Hair coats are usually non-shedding and require regular grooming to keep them healthy and mat-free. Standard poodles are known for their curly and dense coat, which can be either clipped short or grown long and corded.

Are Miniature Poodles Double-Coated?

Miniature poodles, like standard poodles, have a single coat. They do not have an undercoat and a curly, dense coat that requires regular grooming. Miniature poodles are smaller than standard poodles, but their coat is similar in texture and appearance.

Are Toy Poodles Double-Coated?

Toy poodles also have a single coat. They do not have an undercoat, and their coat is similar in texture and appearance to miniature and standard poodles. Toy poodles are the smallest of the Poodle breed known for their small size and curly, dense coat.

Double coat dog

What Is a Double-Coat Dog?

A double-coated dog has two layers of fur: a topcoat and an undercoat. The purpose of a double coat is to provide insulation, protect the dog’s skin from the elements, and repel dirt and water. The topcoat is usually longer and coarser and protects against the sun, water, and other environmental factors. The undercoat, however, is shorter, softer, and serves as insulation against cold weather. Double-coated dogs are often called “fur dogs” because they shed their undercoat seasonally.

Single or Double Coat: What’s the Difference?

The difference between single and double coats is that single-coated dogs have only one layer of fur, typically made up of longer, coarser hairs. These dogs do not have an undercoat of soft, fine hair, and their fur grows continuously. In contrast, double-coated dogs have an outer layer of longer, coarser hairs and an undercoat of softer, finer hair. Single-coated dogs are usually non-shedding, while double-coated dogs shed their undercoat seasonally.

What Kind of Coats Do Poodles Have?

As mentioned earlier, poodles have a single coat. They do not have an undercoat, so their coat grows continuously like human hair. Poodle coats are curly and dense and require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. The texture of the coat can vary depending on the individual dog. However, poodle coats are generally soft, fluffy, and hypoallergenic.

What Is an Undercoat?

An undercoat is the soft, fluffy fur layer that grows beneath a dog’s topcoat. It serves as insulation against cold weather and helps regulate body temperature. Undercoats are usually shed seasonally, and the amount of shedding can vary depending on the breed and individual dog. Double-coated dogs have an undercoat, while single-coated dogs do not.

Do Poodles Have an Undercoat?

Poodles do not have an undercoat. They have a single coat of hair that is thick, curly, and dense. This coat comprises long, curly guard hairs that protect from the sun and cold and a dense, wooly undercoat that provides warmth.

The texture of Poodle fur is what makes it unique. It comprises tightly coiled curls that give the coat its distinctive look. This curly texture also makes Poodles hypoallergenic, as their fur does not shed as much as other breeds.

White coated poodle

How to Tell If My Poodle Is Double-Coated?

Knowing whether your poodle has a double coat can help you take better care of your pet’s coat and prevent any health issues that may arise from improper grooming. This article will discuss how to tell if your poodle has a double coat.

Look at the Texture of the Hair

The texture of your poodle’s hair can indicate whether it has a double coat. Double-coated dogs typically have a softer, thicker undercoat, which may feel cottony or downy. If your poodle’s hair feels denser and softer closer to the skin, it may indicate that your dog has a double coat.

Check for Shedding

One of the most significant differences between single and double-coated dogs is the amount of shedding. Single-coated dogs shed more consistently throughout the year. In contrast, double-coated dogs shed heavily twice a year during shedding season. Notice a significant increase in shedding during certain times of the year. It may be an indication that your poodle has a double coat.

Observe the Appearance of the Coat

Double-coated dogs often have thicker, fuller coats than single-coated dogs. The outer layer of a double coat is typically coarser and longer than the hair on a single coat. The undercoat, on the other hand, is typically softer and shorter. If your poodle’s coat appears thick and full, with a mixture of long and short hairs, it may indicate that your dog has a double coat.

Look for Tufts of Hair

Another sign that your poodle may have a double coat is the presence of tufts of hair. These tufts of hair are typically found around the ears, tail, and feet of double-coated dogs. They can combine long, coarse hairs and softer, finer hairs.

Check for Matting and Tangles

Double-coated dogs are more prone to matting and tangles than single-coated dogs. The undercoat can become tangled and matted if not groomed regularly. If you notice matting and tangles in your poodle’s coat, it may indicate that your dog has a double coat.

Consider Your Poodle’s Breed

Different breeds of poodles can have different types of coats. For example, standard poodles typically have a single coat. In contrast, miniature and toy poodles can have a single or double coat. If unsure whether your poodle has a double coat, consider researching your dog’s breed to determine the typical coat type.

Consult with a Professional

If unsure whether your poodle has a double coat, consider consulting with a professional dog groomer or veterinarian. They can examine your poodle’s coat and provide you with information on the type of coat your furry pet has.


Poodles are not typically double-coated but have a dense, curly, single-layered coat. While exceptions exist, such as the furnishings gene, it’s important to understand what a double coat is and how it differs from a poodle’s coat. Suppose you’re unsure about your poodle’s coat type. In that case, it’s always best to consult a veterinarian or professional groomer for guidance.

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